Bobby "O" Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Ian Levine Italo Disco Italodisco Patrick Cowley

HI-NRG and Italo Disco in 1982 & 1983 – My Journey Into The World Of 80s Disco

Disco Demolition Night, Comisky Park, Chicago, 12th July 1979

Disco Music’s reputation had been damaged by the Disco Sucks campaign in the USA and Disco Demolition Night in Chicago in July 1979. Combined with a sneering attitude in most of the music press to disco at the time, and a lack of interest from the major record companies in disco music thereafter, disco faded somewhat from chart success and popularity in the mainstream public’s attention in the early 1980s.

However, club music and disco was not dying in the early 80s, but remained fashionable underground in nightclubs and discos around the world, and was evolving in numerous directions.

One evolution of dance music in the early 80s was led by Bobby Orlando in New York, Patrick Cowley in San Fransisco and Lime in Canada, amongst others, who began to produce a less funky, but more percussive and synthesizer led type of dance music, mostly released on small independent record labels, and which found some success on the American Billboard Dance Club Charts. Whilst in Italy, DJs and musicians were creating dance music for Italian discos and nightclubs in their own style, and would soon become maketed as ‘Italo Disco’ in several European countries.

Bobby Orlando
Patrick Cowley
Denis & Denyse Le Page of Lime

In Britain this particular development of disco was largely ignored by the major record companies, the music press and national radio stations, and this disco evolution rarely made any impact on the UK charts. Occasionally a disco track would emerge from the darkness of the discos into the mainstream, such as Ryan Paris’ 1983 top 5 hit, “Dolce Vita“, and The Weather Girls “It’s Raining Men“, which got to number 2 in the UK charts in the summer of 1983.

In Continental Europe, on the other hand, disco continued to be much more popular in the early 1980s. Italian, German and Dutch produced disco tracks were widely promoted to the mainstream public in Germany, The Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Spain and sometimes Scandinavia with Righeira, My Mine, Fun Fun and others having top 10 hits in these territories – but sadly very few of these tracks would get a release on a British record label.

Italian produced mainstream chart hits in Continental Europe in 1983

Italian producers and musicians had been making their own form of disco since the late 1970s. As fewer disco records were being released by the major international record labels in the early 80s, and the fact it was quite expensive to import American and Canadian releases into Italy, Italian DJs, producers and musicians continued to create disco music to cater for their domestic club scene. Synthesizers meant disco tracks could be made relatively inexpensively without the need for numerous professional session musicians. Despite the success of Italo Disco throughout Continental Europe, it remained an enigma in Britain where it was mostly ignored, although New Order and The Pet Shop Boys both subsequently acknowledged the influence of Italo Disco in their musical output.

In Britain, among the few places you could hear this kind of high energy American, Canadian, European and Italian produced disco music in the early 80s was in the gay clubs. The opening of the first gay super club in Britain, Heaven in London in 1979, was to become one of the driving forces in promoting high energy disco in the UK in the early-mid 1980s. Long time resident DJ Ian Levine at Heaven advised the club’s management on the club’s music policy and sound systems right from the start. Ian Levine would remain one of the leading DJs at Heaven throughout the 1980s, and was one of the first DJs to bring American style beat-mixing to Britain.

Levine had been hugely impressed by the legendary Saint nightclub in New York, and did his best to replicate the atmosphere of The Saint and its music policy at Heaven. In Ian’s own words “There never was a club like The Saint. There never could be again. It was unique in the history of disco music. The best ever. …..the Saint was my blueprint for Heaven… The Saint was about beautiful music”.

Ian Levine, longtime reisdent DJ at London’s Heaven, and one of the key figures behind Hi-NRG in the UK

Levine stated that Linda Clifford “Don’t Come Crying to Me,” Phyllis Nelson “Don’t Stop The Train” Marlena Shaw “Touch Me in the Morning,” Thelma Houston “Saturday Night Sunday Morning,” Sam Harris “Hearts of Fire” and Technique “Can We Try Again” were among the musical bench marks he brought back from The Saint to play at Heaven. British DJs like Ian Levine relied heavily on American, Canadian and European (especially Italian) import 12 inch singles to play in the early 80s, as there was virtually none of this high energy disco being produced in Britain at the time.

Some of the tracks played at The Saint in New York which influenced Ian Levine’s music policy at Heaven in London

Having evolved from Boystown Disco of 1980-1982, Hi-NRG disco became “melodic, straightforward dance music that’s not too funky.” It borrowed heavily from the influence of producers and musicians such as Giorgio Moroder, Cerrone and Gino Soccio. The NME music journalist Simon Reynolds wrote: “The non-funkiness [in Hi-NRG] was crucial. Slamming rather than swinging, Hi-NRG’s white European feel was accentuated by butt-bumping bass twangs at the end of each bar.”

I cannot bring my own personal experience to what was happening in 1982-1983 in discos and nightclubs, as I was still locked away at boarding school, and didn’t experience the thrill and excitement of nightclubbing and current disco trends until halfway through 1984 once I had left school. Until then, I was cocooned in the Scottish countryside – both at at home and at school, miles away from anything, and completely unaware of that there was a thriving underground disco scene.

My boarding school in the foothills of the Cairngorm mountains in rural Perthshire, Scotland in 1982/83
My family home in rural Aberdeenshire, Scotland in 1982/3
My world view in the early 1980s, both at school and at home, was of wide open countryside and mountans in the background – not many people, no city lights and certainly no disco!

In the early 80s my musical tastes were fashioned by what I heard on the radio and what my siblings and my friends at school were playing on their record players and tape decks. At the time Abba and Blondie were pretty much the sum total of my musical experience. I loved each and every one of their albums and played them all to death, but not being musically very adventurous, I was definitely not at the forefront of musical trends in the early 80s.

Some of my favourite Abba LPs and 12″ singles from my late 70s/early 80s school days

However, once synth pop and the New Romantics began to make their mark on British pop music my musical tastes began to widen, with groups like ABC, Spandau Ballet, Simple Minds, Yazoo, The Eurythmics and Visage becoming part of my small record collection. My ear ears were opening to the wonderful possibilities of dance-like syntheziser rhythms and sounds. I also discovered that some of my favourite songs were being released in extended versions on 12 inch singles, which meant I could savour additional minutes of the music I loved. I was thrilled to learn that there was an extended version of Abba’s “The Visitors” (by far and away my all time favourite Abba song) that, according to the Abba fan magazine I read avidly back in 1982, was hugely popular in Boystown Discos (although it would take me another 30 years to track down an original copy of the Disconet DJ subscription only remix for my record collection!).

Some of my school days synth pop records

One thing I knew very little about was disco or dance club music, except of course those big chart hits from the end of the 70s some of which, notably the productions coming from the likes of Giorgio Moroder or Nile Rodgers and Bernard Edwards, engaged my young ears.

My initial forrays into disco music courtesy of Giorgio Moroder and Nile Rodgers & Bernard Edwards including The Three Degrees “The Runner

The Top Of The Pops TV programme sometimes gave me a further tiny taste of what might be going on in the outside world on the disco scene. Indeed, a few disco cuts from 1982 and 1983, including Toni Basil’s “Mickey”, Shalamar’s “Disappearing Act” and Donna Summer’s “State Of Independence” made it into my slowly growing record collection at the time, possibly hinting at how my musical tastes would later develop!

Toni Basil, Shalamar and Donna Summer 12 inch singles that made their way into my record collection whilst I was still at school

When I first started going to clubs in July 1984, I had no inkling I would fall so much in love with this High Energy disco sound, nor that it would become one of my lifetime passions. I have always liked fast paced rhythmic music (I was never into ballads, prog rock or punk!), so the fast up beat tempo, powerful drum beats, percussion and pounding bass found in early 80s disco, along side well crafted and produced tracks, accompanied by soaring vocals and catchy choruses would very quickly win me over.

Some of the tracks I have so far included on this blog from 1982 and 1983 came to my attention from those first adventures to discos in Scotland in 1984. Lisa’s “Rocket To Your Heart“; American Fade “I’m Alive“; Marsha Raven’s “Catch Me“; Tapps “My Forbidden Lover“; Pamala Stanley’s “I Don’t Want To Talk About It” from 1982-3 were still in heavy club play list rotation in 1984, and their power and infectious rhythms forced themselves into my brain, so much so that I had to find a way of getting my hands on these records – which proved to be no easy feat in the North East of Scotland in 1984!

Some Hi-NRG from 1983 that was still in heavy club play once I started going to nighclubs in 1984

Many tracks from 1982-1983 would find their way into my record collection, not from my hearing them in nightclubs, but from frequent forays into second hand record shops in the later 1980s and buying whatever looked promising in the bargain basement section. It was often very much a case of trial and error! Record crate digging is still something I try to do whenever I travel in Europe if I have the chance and time, and I’ve made some great finds in dusty second hand record shops in Milan, Barcelona, Lisbon, Brussels and Nice – although Rome’s second hand record shops have always proved a bit of a disappointment in trying to find Italo Disco records!

Music And Video Exchange in Notting HIll, London. In the 1980s it was called Record And Tape Exchange and was a weekend haunt of mine to search out elusive vinyl treasures. I still call in today when I’m in the area, and am occasionally lucky enough find a nugget or two.

From the early 2000s internet forums, YouTube, Discogs and a myriad of other on-line resources have opened up opportunities to dig deep into the world of Italo Disco, Boystown Disco and early Hi-NRG, enabling me to research the most popular and enduring tracks from the period, as well as many tracks I had not come across before. This worm hole research has also been a voyage of discovery about long forgotten obscurities, and that some of these rare original vinyl records are now highly sought after by collectors and can trade for quite large sums of money, whilst some others from this period are now being re-released on vinyl for a new collecting audience.

Having now posted over 160 Boystown, Hi-NRG and Italo Disco tracks from 1982-1983 on this blog and on my Youtube Channel, I thought it would be fun to see which songs still attract the most attention today, giving a possible indication which songs have stood the test of time.

Taking each of the videos posted on my Youtube channel by the amount of interaction and response from viewers (the amount of likes, and then the amount of views), I have come up with a sort of top 40 chart for 1982-1983 for the songs on my channel, and here they are:

Some of the tracks in my chart are not a surprise from the huge positive reaction they have received. Other less well known tracks have been a real surprise from the postive reaction they have received, possibly because they aren’t so well known and therefore engage more curiosity and interaction.

Even more of a surprise is that some of the really big hits of the time, such as Patrick Cowley & Sylvester’s “Do Ya Wanna Funk” or The Flirts “Passion“, didn’t make it into my chart as they had very few likes/views on the channel. Maybe this is because these really famous tracks are so widely known, widely posted and readily available on the internet elsewhere, that they now get very little response when newly posted.

The Record Mirror and Radio Stad Den Haag charts I have posted give a wonderful flashback and great overall view into the disco and Italo Disco scene of the early 1980s. However, there are some fabulous tracks from 1982-1983 which didn’t appear to get much attention at the time, and failed to make any inroads into the charts. Here are two stunning tracks from 1982-1983 that I would recommend seeking out, despite their non appearance in either chart.

To round this post off, here are my top ten tracks from 1982 and 1983. These are the records I would save from the flames if I was forced to choose and only be allowed to keep 10 records:

The next post will move onto The Record Mirror Hi-NRG and Radio Stad Den Haag charts for 1984. This was the year that Hi-NRG danced its way out of the discos and into the outside world. It was also the year I started nightclubbing and quickly understood the sense of liberation I would get from high energy disco music.

Until the next post, here are three mixes I have done over the last year incorporating many of the individual tracks previously listed in the blog posts. The mixes try to imagine what it might have been like to go nightclubbing at Heaven, or in a big American or European nightclub, in 1982 and 1983.

Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Italo Disco Italodisco Radio Stad Den Haag

Radio Stad Den Haag Top 50 – October, November & December 1983: Koto, Styloo, Duke Lake, The Creatures & Aida

Radio Stad Den Haag Top 50 Charts October – December 1983

Theses charts are published by kind permission from Radio Stad Den Haag
1st October 1983
8th October 1983
22nd October 1983
29th October 1983
5th November 1983
19th November 1983
2nd December 1983
17th December 1983
31st December 1983

Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Italo Disco Italodisco Radio Stad Den Haag

Radio Stad Den Haag Top 50 – July, August & September 1983: Time, Brand Image, Klapto, Susan Stevens, Righeira, My Mine & Modern Rocketry

Radio Stad Den Haag Top 50 Charts July – Septmeber 1983

Theses charts are published by kind permission form Radio Stad Den Haag
9th July 1983
16th July 1983
23rd JUly 1983
6th August 1983
13th August 1983
20th August 1983
27th August 1983
3rd September 1983
10th September 1983
25th September 1983

Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Italo Disco Italodisco Radio Stad Den Haag

Radio Stad Den Haag Top 50 – April, May & June 1983: Stephanie Wells, Kano, Mr Flagio, Fake, Paul Parker, Doctor’s Cat & Loverde

Radio Stad Den Haag Top 50 Charts April – June 1983

2nd April 1983
9th April 1983
16th April 1983
23rd April 1983
30th April 1983
7th May 1983
14th May 1983
21st May 1983
28th May 1983
4th June 1983
11th June 1983
18th June 1983
25th June 1983
Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Record Mirror Hi-NRG Charts

Record Mirror Boystown/Hi-NRG Disco Top 30 1983

Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Record Mirror Hi-NRG Charts

31st December 1983: Jessica Williams, Sylvester & Gem

Record Mirror Boystown Disco Hi-NRG Chart 31st December 1983

Frankie Goes To Hollywood Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Record Mirror Hi-NRG Charts

17th December 1983: Frankie Goes To Hollywood & Norma

Record Mirror Boystown Disco Hi-NRG Chart 17th December 1983

Bobby "O" Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Record Mirror Hi-NRG Charts Sylvester James

10th December 1983: Bobby “O”, Sylvester & Irene Cara

Record Mirror Boystown Disco Hi-NRG Chart 10th December 1983

Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Record Mirror Hi-NRG Charts

3rd December 1983: Sharon Redd, Charade, Dee Dee Martin & Simone

Record Mirror Boystown Disco Hi-NRG Chart 3rd December 1983

This week the Boystown Chart was re-named as the Hi-NRG Chart. This appears to be the turning point when the music became universally known as Hi-NRG, and was to become one of the big music trends of the following year, 1984.

Hi-NRG Hi-NRG Disco Record Mirror Hi-NRG Charts

26th November 1983: Oh Romeo

Record Mirror Boystown Disco Hi-NRG Chart 26th November 1983